Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects millions of people around the world. It is caused by a lack of insulin production or an inability of the body to use insulin properly. While diabetes can be managed with lifestyle changes and medication, it can also lead to serious health complications if left untreated. Here are some key points on how diabetes can lead to health issues.
1. Heart Disease: Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular problems. People with diabetes are more likely to have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and other risk factors for heart disease.
2. Kidney Disease: Diabetes can cause damage to the kidneys, leading to kidney failure. High blood sugar levels can damage the small blood vessels in the kidneys, leading to a decrease in their ability to filter waste from the blood.
3. Eye Problems: Diabetes can cause damage to the blood vessels in the eyes, leading to vision problems. People with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing cataracts, glaucoma, and other eye problems.
4. Nerve Damage: Diabetes can cause damage to the nerves, leading to numbness, tingling, and pain in the hands and feet. This can lead to difficulty walking and other mobility issues.
5. Skin Problems: Diabetes can cause skin problems such as dryness, itching, and infections. People with diabetes are also more likely to develop skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema.
6. Foot Problems: Diabetes can cause damage to the nerves and blood vessels in the feet, leading to poor circulation and an increased risk of infection. People with diabetes should take extra care of their feet to prevent serious complications.
By making lifestyle changes and taking medication as prescribed, people with diabetes can reduce their risk of developing serious health complications. It is important to monitor blood sugar levels regularly and to see a doctor for regular check-ups. With proper management, people with diabetes can lead healthy and active lives.